Posted in Last Post, Uncategorized

NYDOE Data Spreadsheets









For this data spreadsheets project, I had decided to use the information from the New York State Department of Education.  I had chosen 30 schools from the spreadsheet that was provided for us and just focused on the school type of elementary.  I had chosen elementary because of the fact of what I went for in my undergrad and the students I worked with were in that age category for me to use.

The first graph, created above, I had created was the comparison of the elementary school with the percentages of their students who have an Individualized Educational Program (IEP), and students who are English Language Learners (ELL).  I had chosen these two categories because they are two programs that you are seeing more often in schools todays because of students coming from either different schools, states, or even countries and may not have the strongest learning.  According to the chart, the percentage of students who have an IEP are the bars in blue and the percentage of students who are ELL are the bars in red, with a x-axis of 0-100%. Based off of the chart, it shows that the percentages from the 30 schools listed have almost the same amount of students who have an IEP.  The percentages ranges from 3% of students to 48% of students.  The percentages of students who are ELL are mostly low in the school but there are three schools who have a bigger amount of students who are ELL.  P.S. 42, 001, 002 are the schools who have the most students who are ELL with percentages of 39%, 48%, and 47%.  There was an interesting part of this graph to see that P.S 77 had no ELL students at all.  Their data showed there was 0% of students who were ELL.  With how schools are today and ELL being a growing program with students, it was surprising to see that this school had no ELL students at all.


The second graph I had created was the comparison of the elementary schools again with the percentages of students who scored level ¾ in ELA and level ¾ in Math.  These two categories were interesting for me to compare because I wanted to see how these students are scoring in both of the subjects.  I also wanted to see which subject there students were stronger in as well due to the fact of how they are taught and how they are understanding of the subject.  According to the chart, the percentages of the ELA scores are the bars in blue and the percentages of the Math scores are the bars in red, with a x-axis of 0-100%.  Based off of the graph, the students who scored a level ¾ in both ELA and Math are quite close in the percentage of students, but more students scored a level ¾ in Math.  What I found interesting is that in P.S. 77, 97% of their students scored level ¾ in both ELA and Math.  This is something that you don’t see often of the same percentage of students scoring level ¾ in both subject areas.  It was also good to see that with all the schools, the percentages of students who scored level ¾ were very high and shows that these students are excelling in these subject areas.

Just wanted to take the time to thank everyone for their comments through out the semester.  I enjoyed this class and learned a lot with the different subject areas that were covered.  I wish everyone a happy and health holiday and a new year! 




Posted in Post #11

Does Digital Literacies Matter?



Before taking this course, I had some knowledge of what digital literacies maybe and how it can be helpful in the word we live in and beyond.  After now almost completing this course, I have a different view of what digital literacies is and how it can help with almost anything that I can do.

So the main question here is does digital literacy matter?  In my opinion I would say it does matter because with the world we live in, technology is all around us and there is no way of getting around it so why not make it useful for ourselves and what we do.  The “digital” world is where we can communicate, work, connect, and create using different technology devices.  Technology is for more than just communicating with others using different social media applications and website, doing some online shopping for the people who would rather shop online, and more.  We can use technology to create different software tools, such as Microsoft, Internet Explore, Google Chrome, GIMP and many more.

From this class, I learned a new software program, and for many others as well, using GIMP.  I did not know what GIMP was before looking into the tutorial that our professor had provided for us.  Without seeing that tutorial he had provided for us (an example of a digital literacy, using a visual to learn something new), I would not have know the proper way to create different things using this software.  Along with using his tutorial, I did some of my own research as well to learn how to use the other tools that we not mentioned in his video.  As mentioned some times before, I am a visual learner and like to see things being done visually and not just talked through step by step.  I like to be hands on and I think the use of digital literacy adds to that concept.

In this course as well, we learned that technology is just the smaller part of the actual problem that is at hand.  I think incorporating the topics of how race comes into play with the media, (connecting the Black Lives Matter article on how the media does come into play with different events that include a tragedy of another race),  the gender role when it comes to the computing world and how we see more males, and again the race and diversity concept, seeing mostly whites being part of this field and very few of the different diversities we have in the US and anywhere else. 

In an overall concept, I believe digital literacies does matter because the technology that we use to go along with digital literacies is there to help us and able to learn different things and learn new things using the devices that are accessible for us.  we are able to take the skills that we know and learned about and incorporate into our teaching and see how our students and future students will be able to learn using technology.  They can learn and new concept using video tutorials, audio books, picture descriptions to help them understand the concept.  We can use it to communicate with others to connect with people from all over the world and learn from them.  We are also able to connect digital literacies to the shows we watch, (for example my media analysis connecting Baker’s reading to the show Scandal  with his 5 key question concepts).

I enjoyed this class a lot because of the different readings that we had read were very interesting and could relate to some of them with my experiences.  I enjoyed the different projects we had to do, especially the GIMP collage, learning something new!


Posted in Post #10

Culture and Diversity in Computing Culture



I wanted to start off by talking about the graphic from the Silicon Valley article.  I enjoyed this article a lot because I didn’t realize how diverse the computing industry is and didn’t seem to think that this was such a big issue.  We see diversity in almost all the workplaces we see, such as schools, corporate companies, politics, etc.  I was shocked to see that there were so little of workers percentages in different diversities based off of this chart.  As shown, the white population is a big difference in percentage when it comes to the other diversities in the chart.  It is sad to say that its just the way things just pan out and we are so used to seeing.  A quote that stood out to me in the article as well was,

“In tech’s data-driven world, the numbers were bruising. For example, Facebook’s data showed that it added only seven black employees from 2012 to 2013, before hiring 36 between 2013 and 2014.”

Based off of this quote, it is sad to see that this is a prime example of how the computing industry has mostly white as their employers between the years 2012 and 2013, but was also good to see that in the years 2013 and 2014, 36 more people were hired who were black.

One of the articles I had found about diversity in the computer programming is based on gender in the computing industry.  Along with the limitations of culture in the computing industry, gender workers is another issues that we can see with this industry as well.  The article is entitles, How Diversity in Computer Programming Will Benefit Everyone
by Rebecca Novak.  In this article, she firsts talks about a presenter who is a 17 year old Latina from Spanish Harlem who is wearing a polka dot shirt.  The point of this sentence she is trying to get at you would never guess that she was a computer programmer.  

“You probably thought of a male, Caucasian, in his thirties, poor social skills, maybe poorly dressed. Would you ever think that I was a computer programmer?” 

I think we can all agree that when hear the term, computer programmer, someone like this she had described is basically what we all think about and connect to that term.  A reasoning that not many females, or even different diversities don’t partake in computer programming or any type of computing industries is because not many schools offer programs or classes for students to take and show interest in.  Novak explains that only 1 in 10 US high school offer computer science classes.  I know in my high school there was no such class that was about computer science and didn’t know about the program until my undergrad had classes about it. ScriptEd is a non-profit program that provides computer programing classes in low-income schools.  Connecting to the other article we had to read, this program teaches their students about coding and the different things you can do and learn about coding, (HTML, CSS, JavaScript).  This program gives students opportunities to learn something knew and this would be computer programing.  Even though this article talks more about the benifts of the program and what it can bring to students, the main point is that there not a lot of programs out there for students to partake in to learn about it and that is why this field is very limited with the amount of diversity and gender that is apart of it. 


The next article I had found is based on the change of culture in the computer programming field and the not the curriculum of it.  With gender being the main aspect of the article, there are several different points it makes about how we should change the diversity of the female role in this field.  One point states that the females who work in this field don’t have to be “soft”, or “female friendlies” to be in this workplace.  It should focus on what is best for the company and not based on what gender they are. 

“If the culture of a computer science program is dominated by “geeky stereotypical” archetype research shows that women and minorities (and even other white males) may feel excluded from the field. Data show that, in the case of CS, it is usually women and minorities and people with disabilities who are poorly represented.” ()

This quote can go based on what I had stated before about hearing the  word computer programmer.  There should be more opportunities for women in this work field, along with the different diversities.  Other points they make in this article are cultural factors are more important than gender differences, institutional support is critical, and success stories are important.  The overall aspect of this article is that in this case change is good and we should all go for what we want to do and not base it off of the genders that partake in it and the diversities we see. 



Posted in Uncategorized

A Media Analysis of Scandal


Technology and the media is everywhere we go and has changed they way we are viewing different aspects.  Media, in, retrieved from, is the means of communication, as radio and television, newspapers, magazines, and the Internet.  Media is something that almost everyone may have access to or know how to use using devices such as computers/laptops, tablets/Ipads, Smartphones, and even Smart TV’s.  Media has evolved over the last years and is becoming more and more involved with what people do.  Social media is another aspect of media that has changed as well with the different sites where people can communicate with others, posts picture, blogs, videos, and virtually anything.

Along with social media, the media itself takes a major impact on how people view certain topics with media that includes major films, commercials, tv shows, and short films, such as YouTube videos and other video sources.  The focus for this media analysis is going to be the TV series Scandal on the ABC network.  The word scandal means a certain action or event regarded as morally or legally wrong and causing a general public outrage, and that is basically what the show is about.

A brief summary of this show is a former secretary of state, Oliva Pope, has an affair with the President, Fitzgerald Grant.  The series is based off of this affair and how it was kept a secret for a very long time until the media had found out about their affair.  Besides the main event from this series, the other main aspect of this show is politics, from the election process, the hidden secrets with every character, and the time being in office.  Just like the elections we see in our world, they always have their secrets and this show shows a great aspect of what our elections can look like as well.  This paper will be analyzing the show Scandal based off the main concept of politics and the love affair of a scandal.

Frank W. Baker’s article, Media Literacy in the K-12 Classroom, breaks down how teachers should teach media literacy to their students with the 5 core concepts of media literacy.  When talking about the show Scandal, we can use the 5 core concepts to give a media analysis of the show.  Authorship refers to what is being created in the media message shown.  There are several various elements that are used to produce the message that is being portrayed throughout this series.  With the political aspect of the show, the media plays a big role as well.  The candidates uses the media to help enhance their chances of becoming elected into presidency. The media can also play the negative impact as well when it came to commercials about their candidate and the negative aspects of them.  They use the media to almost bash their opponent with how they would not be fit to be the president to help enhance their chances.  Even though this is the show, like stated before, this is something we see when it comes to our elections.  The presidential candidates use the media to help enhance their chances of being elected over their opponent with the negativity the media can bring for them.

When talking about who created this message, the characters in the show create the message based off of the type of character they are.  There are both good characters and bad characters that are in the show, just like there is in any show that we watch.  They create the messages by showing how dark secrets will come back to haunt you and that is not always a good aspect.  The whole message of the show is don’t do something that you wish others would not want to find out about.  Especially when it comes to politics, nothing is ever a secret.

The format of Scandal is the obvious of a television show to be shown on a television.  But when Baker is referring to the format of media is based on how the message is being constructed through colors, shapes, sizes, sounds, the words they use, props, sets, etc.  Since the main concept of Scandal is based on the politics, the set of the show takes place in different Washington D.C., including the White House.  The message being constructed through this show has to show the viewer that the show is about politics and is shown by where the show takes place and they type of  vocabulary that is being used.  Viewers would have to understand the meaning of the vocabulary that is used throughout the show in order to understand what is being said and how they are portraying the vocabulary being used.  Some vocabulary used throughout the show include republican, democrat, president, vice president, secretary of state,  media press secretary, government, district attorney, and many more.

The story that is being told is not on a certain character’s viewpoint, it’s more of a general viewpoint of when shooting the show.  Since the main character of the show is Olivia Pope, (played by Kerry Washington), the shows focuses more on her and what she goes through throughout the show.  A lot of the events that happen throughout the show are based on what Olivia has gone through, such as the love affair with the president, her kidnapping from a secret service, BX-13, along with several others.  Besides the events that happen to her, the other events that happened in the show she is somehow involved in it or has to solve the problem to the situation.

What makes this show seem “real,” based on Baker’s question is the concept of show which is politics.  Everywhere we go and see, whether it is in the newspaper, the television, on our smartphones, or tablets, we see what is going on in politics.  More recently because of the recent election that had just happened in the beginning of the month.  When going through an election on the show, they do the same process that we see with our politics.  There is campaigns the candidates attend, debates, and messages they are sending to their voters.  Another concept that makes the show “real” is a scandal love affair can happen in the presidency and everyone has their secrets.

The third key question speaks to the audience of the show and can connect to the second question as well.  Baker wants to know about the audience if they have experienced something like this, how close they have experienced something like this in real life, what can you learn from it and about yourself, etc.  The audience can connect to the show as stated before because it is something we see in “real” life and they experience something like this with politics.  With this show, it may be harder for the audience to experience what the characters in the show experience because it is not something they are apart of unless they are in office or involved in politics.  What they can possibly learn about themselves can be they are learning new concepts of politics for their own knowledge and may have a better understanding of it.

Baker’s last few key question focus on the content of the media, and the overall purpose of the media. With his fourth questions, one of the questions involves the political ideas that are communicated in the message being sent.  Since this show is based off of politics, the communication of the messages can show the viewer what politics is about.  Finally with his last question about the purpose is along the line of what was the purpose of showing this media and what is it sending to the viewers.  As stated before, the message of this show is based of politics and seeing what can go on behind closed doors in the what the director of show had created.  The media that is creating this message can show their viewers things that we don’t see if we are not involved in politics and gives us a different point of view of what people who work for the government or the White House go through everyday.

As an overall, Scandal is a great source of media if you are someone who wants to see politics in a different aspects and see what can possibly happen that we don’t physically see.  Even though with the election and how the White House and government works is not like the show portrays it, in a sense, this show can be very interesting and intriguing for people to watch.  The media of the actual television show is a good example, the media that we see throughout the show plays a big role as well.  This show shows us that during the election, the media can either help your or break you when it comes to campaigning.  For myself, I know this sho helped me understand politics and how the government works and show me all the secrets that politics can possibly entail.  The media is always there to help you but can show you something different than what you expect it to be.

Baker, Frank W. “Pedagogy and Principles of Teaching Media Literacy.” Media Literacy in the K-12 Classroom. International Society for Technology in Education. 2012.

Posted in Uncategorized

Visuals are a Better Understanding

With the recent election that had just happened a week ago, I thought it was appropriate to take a graphic from the election and analyze it.  In my own experience and opinion, I think better and understand better when I see a visual aspect of what is being written or talked about.  I get a better concept and understanding because I am able to put a visual to the topic.  PowerPoint has always been my favorite type of presentation throughout all of my schooling years.  I believe it is a great way to get all the information that you want to present in a near and orderly structure.  The different colors and effects that you can add in can grasp the learners attention.  This concept is better in a sense of just writing notes on the board.  It becomes more organized and the presenter can focus more on talking about any additional information they want to add in.

Based off of the reading by Tufte, I choose the visual shown above based off of the electoral votes of the presidential election for 2016.  The title of this article and the picture is, A Field Guide to Red and Blue America.  As we all should know, the blue represents the Democratic party of Hillary Clinton, and the red represents the Republican party of Donald Trump.  The outline of this graphic represents the United States with the graphs of the Demographic party vs. the Republican party from the electoral votes.  

The graphic shows that there are bar graphs within them. The bar graphs represent the amount of votes relative to the nation as a whole.  They show the majority of the counties within the state to represent who they have voted for.  Based on my observation, they wanted to have the visual more clear to show the two different parties with the blue upside down and the red facing upward.  Tufte states in his article “Visual reasoning usually works more effectively when the relevant evidence is shown adjacent in space within our eye span,” (page 159).  He then goes on to explain with statistical data, the fundamental analytical task to make comparisons.  The bar graphs shown in the graphic shows the comparisons between the two parties.  Bar graphs are an easy way to compare data based off of  the information that was given.  

Since this election was one for the books and in history,  I believe was a better visual to break down the electoral votes based off of the election.  It shows the difference in votes between states and the majority of the votes using a bar graph.  Even though the graphic shows the electoral votes, the article is comparing the electoral votes throughout the past elections and how the state’s votes have changed based off of who was running.


The site won’t let me copy the picture, but here is the link for the article.  Make sure to check out the image.  I found it very interesting!

Posted in Post #6

Zero Copyright Laws: Will that ever be the case?

According to Wikipedia,

“the copyright law grants authors and artists the exclusive right to make and sell copies of their works, the right to create derivative works, and the right to perform or display their works publicly.” 

Almost everything we see and read in the world has a copyright attached to it because it wants to claim its original copy and ownership of whatever it maybe; books, music, movies, education, art work, etc.

So the question what would happen if there were zero copyright laws?  Today we see that some films and songs have almost the same concept and theory behind them.  When it comes to songs, the melody of two songs maybe the same.  For example, Blurred Lines by Robin Thicke and Got to Give it Up by Marvin Gaye.  There was a big controversy over Robin Thicke’s song an ongoing copyright infringement lawsuit with Marvin Gaye’s family.  Gaye’s family had stated that Thicke’s song took a significant amount of its instrumentation and sound from Gaye’s song titled “Got To Give It Up.”  In the end, Gaye’s family was give $7.3 million from the lawsuit,  (retrieved from Justin Davis from

If we didn’t have any copyright laws would a lawsuit like this have even occurred?  With no copyright laws, who would be the original creator of the works that follow what they had created?  There will be creativity for the original piece but afterwards whatever is being created based off of the original piece won’t be as creative because they are just taking for the original source.

Creativity is a way for people to express themselves and create something that they want to claim is theirs and no one else can take responsibility for it or copy it into their own version.  Without copyright laws, the creators of the original songs, movies, art work, software programs, etc. other people can expand and make it into their own.  I don’t think singer/song writers, directors, or artists will appreciate having no copyright laws because they would want to make sure that other people won’t’ “copy” what they had already completed.

Based off the Copying is not Theft video that we had watched, copying is just considered to be “sharing” ideas and not stealing them.  You aren’t stealing their ideas because it was already produced, you are just simply copying what they had created and it’s not “theft.”

Who would have he most to gain and lose if there was no copyright laws can be perceived in different ways depending on what has been created.  The creator(s) of the original piece maybe the ones who lose because everyone after them who “copy” what they have created would possibly gain because they may take the original piece and possibly expand on what they have created and may turn into something bigger.

I think with today’s world that copyright laws should be in place because of the example I had stated before with the Thicke and Gaye case.  There’s was a lawsuit and Gaye’s family have received money from it.  This example shows to singer/song writers, directors, artists, programmers, etc., that if they want to copy from something else, something like a lawsuit might come along with it.  In the end you should create something that expresses yourself and make sure it is yours by copyright and you don’t want it to show up somewhere else by someone else.  


Posted in Post #5

Black Mirror and Baker


Before watching the Black Mirror episode, I looked over the 5 key questions of Media Literacy to give me an idea for what to look for when watching the episode.  When watching this episode Fifteen Million Merits, I was looking at this as what the future may look like with technology almost talking over what we do every day.  Where the episode takes place seemed to me to be like a place where these people live and do the same routine over and over again.

Based on the overall concept of the episode the message they are portraying is technology and the future.  Technology was everywhere they go.  It was not something you would see today; it is something way beyond.  The people who live there are surrounded by technology and involves everything that they do.  Technology ranges from the room they stay in to how they brush their teeth. To me, this gives us maybe a foreshadow of what our world might seem like if technology is going to be improving even more.  Along with being everything the use involved technology in person,  these people also lived in almost a virtual reality as well where they have their own characters where they can custom make into someone possibly they would like to be.  In today’s world, there are sites that are a virtual reality, (Sims), where you can be whoever you want to be and do things that you wouldn’t do in the real world.  Almost being like the person you would rather be in a different world.

While watching the episode, the main focus was on the character Bing and how he goes through his daily routine.  Everything that he does is done through the technology that is built in his room.  The people who are apart of this “world” cycle on bikes to gain merits as as a way of purchasing things that they want to buy from toothpaste size amount the the vending machines for their food.  From watching this I was thinking in my head are the merits going to symbolize the new money system?  Are we going to transfer over our money to gain merits to purchase things that we want to use?  What makes this seem real is that technology is always finding a way to improve and take over the things that we do and use in our daily lives that this maybe what we looking ahead at our world turning into.  

Technology today is realistic and watching this episode seemed to me that this very much so might happen to our world.  Baker had mentioned in his questions for concept 3 that how would other people respond and their interpretations of this.  Whoever may have watched this episode may thin differently than I have but I can see myself and other people who had watched this episode agree that something like this may come into our world and this maybe the new life that we will be living in the future.

It seems to me based of watching this episode that technology is taking over what they want to do and is always the main focus.  Some scenes of the episode shows us that technology is controlling what we do and does not want to take no as an answer.  For example, Bing comes is in his room and a show pops up and asks if he wishes to continue to watch it and wants to reject it by giving the no hand symbol and it would not allow him to choose that option and eventually gives in to continue to watch it.  Based on this scene it comes to show that we may not be able to have a choice when it comes to certain aspects and technology is going to decide for us which may not be a good sign in the end. 

Overall, with the media message that the author is trying to portray here is this is their aspect and interpretation of what our future world may look like when technology is starting to take over.  I feel in the end we are the ones who are going to determine what type of technology is going to be part of our future because we are the creators of technology and we determine how our world will be.   

Posted in Collage



My reasoning for doing this type of collage is that I love Broadway shows.  I found the Broadway sign in the middle on Google and was originally a white background white dots.  I was able to use the fill select to fill in the background and the dots. It is hard to tell but the dots are a fairly light blue.  I had scaled all the images to a size where I can fit multiple posters through out the collage.  I had added a black boarder around the actual collage to make it look neater.  After placing all the posters, I added the red outlines so each poster has their own clear section using the paintbrush select.  I know this is simple but I did put a lot of effort and time into this project and happy with the end results.

Posted in Post #4

New Media


New media can be interpreted in different ways in how you want to want to implement the meaning of it.  We can apply Manovich’s reading on new media when implying it into the terms of teaching and learning in the classroom.  When looking up the definition of new media on Google, it defines as “a means of mass communication using digital technologies…”  Manovich takes his definition of new media and goes beyond just the simple definition.

Media has evolved over the the years and has been improving to where it is being used everywhere we go and making its way inside of the classroom.  In Manovich’s reading, a point that he had addressed was something that I can compare when implementing the use of new media into teaching and learning.  He states: 

“New media is interactive.  In contrast to old media where the order of presentation is fixed, the user can now interact with a media object.  In the process of interaction the user can choose which elements to display or which paths to follow, thus generating a unique work.  In this way the user becomes the co-author of the work.” (pg. 49)

What I have gotten for this statement when comparing new media to teaching and learning today, the use of videos in the classroom come to mind.  When teachers are teaching a specific topic, chances are they are most likely to find a YouTube video that corresponds with the lesson you are teaching to them.  The use of visual in the classroom gives the students another aspect of the lesson and taking another step of understanding the concept better.  I know myself as a learner I prefer to have visuals to correspond with what I am learning about.  I have always been a visual learner and find that listening and watching a video that goes along with what I am learning always help me have a better understanding of the lesson itself.   

In my experience with being in different grade level classrooms, I have observed that the lessons that I would teach to them and added in a video to go along with the lesson, the students were able to grasp the concept better.  For example, I was teaching a first grade class a lesson the the process of chick eggs hatching.  We had completed a worksheet together on the cycle itself by me reading them the facts out loud and them filling in the missing vocabulary word.  After going over this lesson with them, I had took it upon myself to find an age appropriate  YouTube video for the students to watch about the process of chick eggs hatching.  I had the students watch the video and they were all amazed about watching a chick hatch for their egg.  Just the visual itself gave the students a better concept of understanding how the process unfolds.  I was able to ask them questions based off the video and they were able to answer the questions correctly.

Old educational media in talking about my interpretation of new media can be explained as just show a simple picture when teaching a lesson.  This is an actual photograph and not a photograph that was taken off the Internet.  He had described that texts printed on paper are to be considered to be old media and using photographs that are on paper in the classroom can be an example of that.  

Overall, I believe the use of new media can be a positive aspect when teaching students and the students learning from.  It gives the students a different type of learning style by giving them a visual of the lesson they are being taught.